Basics of HTML. Terms and Definitions
Before you start to learn HMTL, to answer a number of key issues.
What is the Internet?
Logically, the Internet is a huge bank of information that is stored on the servers.
Physically, the Internet consists of thousands of servers scattered around the world, which are interconnected in a network. Every Internet user is connected via a terminal to the desired server using the protocol TCP/IP.
What is a server?
Server - is a specialized computer that is connected to the clock on the Internet. Each server has its own network address. The servers are physically located sites that users are browsing the Internet.
What is a terminal?
Terminal - user's local computer that runs on the Internet. While viewing a web page, its data is sent over the network to the server, where it is, to a particular terminal, and displayed on the screen using the browser.
What is a URL?
URL (Uniform Resource Locator) - is a unique address that has each web page on the net. If users know the URL of the page, it can display it in my browser by typing its address in the browser.
What is TCP/IP?
TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protokol / Internet Protokol). A set of rules that establish ways to transfer data between computers on the network. TCP/IP protocols enable computers to exchange information as if they were connected to each other directly.
What is a browser?
Browser - a special program that is designed for web browsing on your computer. The most popular browsers: Microsoft Internet Explorer, Opera, Mozilla, Firefox and so on.
It should be remembered that different browsers may have different display the same Web page. Therefore, the webmaster should always check in different browsers, looks like he created the page.
What is a web page?
Web page, web document - separate document, which is stored in a separate file on the disk and contains information that is displayed on the browser screen.
What is a website?
The site - a set of web pages that are logically linked through hyperlinks. Site must contain the main page, which is called index.html. This page is open for viewing in the browser, if the user has only the address of the site. To any other page on your site can be accessed from the home by clicking on hyperlinks.
What is a hyperlink?
Hyperlink - it highlighted text on a web page that allows you to quickly navigate to another web page when you click the left mouse button on the hyperlink. We can say that the Internet is held in the form in which we know it, thanks to the hyperlinks that eliminate the need to enter the URL of the desired page, accessed by the user. Hyperlinks usually are highlighted and underlined. As hyperlinks can act graphical representation, in this case it is usually allocated frame.
What is the language of HTML?
Language HTML (HyperText Markup Language) - a set of commands (tags), which are inserted in the text of web-pages and define paragraph formatting, font type, links to external files, and other web pages or parts of the same web-page. HTML-page markup tells the browser how to correctly display a web page.
<P> The text of the page. </P>
- P tag defines a paragraph of text.
- Title tag is a diagonal brace.
- <P> tag is called the opening tag, and defines the beginning of range of the tag.
- Tag </P> closing tag is called and defines the end of range of the tag.
What is a container?
Container - design of guys "opening" and "closing" tags. The effect of the opening tag and its parameters apply to the entire text fragment contained within the container.
What are meta tags?
Meta tags (tags that start with the word META) - they are always placed at the beginning of HTML-pages inside the container and HEAD are used to indicate a variety of additional information about the contents of the page. On the browser screen text meta tag is not displayed.
- Typical structure of the meta tag includes two parameters: NAME (or HTTP-EQUIV) and CONTENT.
- NAME - defines the name (type) metatag, his appointment.
- CONTENT - defines the value of the meta tag.
What is CSS?
CSS (cascading stylistic markup) - is a special technology that allows the webmaster to share content and formatting of web pages by creating a "template" parameter sets clearance of certain pieces of text, called styles.